Chapter 6 Citations



It can protect against cell damage from the sun. See Yang Y, Li S. Dandelion Extracts Protect Human Skin Fibroblasts from UVB Damage and Cellular Senescence. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2015;2015:619560. doi: 10.1155/2015/619560. Epub 2015 Oct 20. PMID: 26576225; PMCID: PMC4630464.



Pomegranate extract, which has been found in studies. See Stephen AS, Nicolas CS, Lloret F, Allaker RP. In vitro effectiveness of pomegranate extract present in pet oral hygiene products against canine oral bacterial species. Vet World. 2022 Jul;15(7):1714-1718. doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2022.1714-1718. Epub 2022 Jul 20. PMID: 36185506; PMCID: PMC9394157.

Some studies estimate 96 percent of cats have inflammation of the gums. See Girard N, Servet E, Biourge V, Hennet P. Periodontal health status in a colony of 109 cats. J Vet Dent. 2009 Fall;26(3):147-55. doi: 10.1177/089875640902600301. PMID: 19950514.



Neem oil, which comes from the neem tree (an evergreen native to India), fights insects. See Brahmachari G. (2004). Neem–an omnipotent plant: a retrospection. Chembiochem 5 408–421.

Vanilla also functions as a deterrent. See Laojun, Sedthapong & Chaiphongpachara, Tanawat. (2020). Comparative study of larvicidal activity of commercial essential oils from aromatic rosemary, vanilla, and spearmint against the mosquito Aedes aegypti. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity. 21. 10.13057/biodiv/d210607.



Inflammation-fighting geranium oil. See Brito RG, Guimarães AG, Quintans JS, Santos MR, De Sousa DP, Badaue-Passos D Jr, de Lucca W Jr, Brito FA, Barreto EO, Oliveira AP, Quintans LJ Jr. Citronellol, a monoterpene alcohol, reduces nociceptive and inflammatory activities in rodents. J Nat Med. 2012 Oct;66(4):637-44. doi: 10.1007/s11418-012-0632-4. Epub 2012 Feb 21. PMID: 22350215.

Carbonated water can also be an effective remedy for itchy skin. See Bock M, Schwanitz HJ. Protective effects of topically applied CO2 -impregnated water. Skin Res Technol. 1998 Feb;4(1):28-33. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0846.1998.tb00082.x. PMID: 27331846.

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